woman with gum pain

Why Do I Experience Gum Pain In Back Of Mouth?

Our gums are made of soft tissues. That is the reason why it could easily get sore. Gum pain in back of mouth is often related to other symptoms such as bleeding, swelling, and pain while eating. Other symptoms are hard to determine; it might require you to visit MyLocalDentists’ Burwood clinic to determine what causes your gums to be painful. Furthermore, you might notice that your teeth and gums are more painful while brushing or flossing. Oral products with alcohol might also cause stinging pain in the mouth.



General Causes of Gum Pain

In most cases, pain in the gums and teeth is due to poor oral health. Neglecting your oral care can cause many damages such as gum disease, canker sores, bad breath, infections, gingivitis, and many more. Let us find out the most common reasons why your gums at the back are painful and swollen, starting with:


leading cause of gum pain in mouthGingivitis is a common kind of gum disease that causes irritation, inflammation, and gum redness. It is also one of the leading causes of bleeding gums that lead to soreness. Apart from painful gums, it might also come with other complications such as:

  1. tender and receding gums
  2. bad breath
  3. puffy gum line

Poor oral hygiene is the number one reason why gingivitis occurs. Not brushing the teeth daily gives the bacteria easy access to penetrate the gum and cause infection.

Oral Thrush

Another thing that usually affects the mouth is the fungal infection, also known as oral thrush. It is commonly diagnosed in babies, older adults, and those who spend plenty of time in hospitals. The fungus that causes this is also the same that causes vaginal yeast infection.

Trush comes with white spots on the inner cheeks and tongue. Eventually, the spots will reach the gums in the back of the mouth and the tonsils. Once the spots reach the gums, they will start to feel sore and irritated. While this is not as serious as periodontal disease, it is still essential to seek treatments.


Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that needs to be treated immediately. This gum disease usually starts from neglected gingivitis and grows gradually. It is the result of plaque buildup that damages the bones and tissue around the teeth. Eventually, the teeth will become loose, and the risk of losing a tooth or two might follow. Severe cases include the following signs:

  • swollen gums
  • inflammation
  • tooth abscess
  • teeth gaps
  • painful gums
  • pain when eating food
  • changes in bite

The treatment for periodontitis needs the professional help of a dentist. While improving your oral hygiene might help, root planing and scaling as early as possible are still the best options to prevent tooth loss. These treatments will eliminate the bacteria residing inside the tooth and under the gums.

Gum Pain in Women

Surprisingly, gender has a major in gum pain as well. While pain in the gums could happen to anyone, women experience them for specific reasons. A woman might seem healthy on the outside, but several factors could affect their dental health, such as:

Hormonal changes

Taking birth control pills and puberty are the main causes of changes in the hormones in women. These changes in a woman’s body can impact how the body provides blood to other parts, including gums. Lack of blood supply can cause your gum to be more sensitive, leading to dental stress.

In addition to swollen gums in the back of the mouth, changes in hormones could also lead to:

  • puffy and red gum
  • bleeding gums
  • tender gum

If you suspect that this is your case, give your family dentist a call for pain relief. Professional teeth cleaning in addition to brushing and flossing is also essential. You can visit EmergencyDentistAdelaideDR.com.au if you need urgent dental care.


gum disease during pregnancyWhen a woman gets pregnant, her hormones are on high performance. This shows significant changes in their dental and overall health. The most compromised parts of her body during pregnancy are her teeth and gums. Pregnant women are also at higher risk of gum disease. Bleeding gums and painful guns might occur with soreness as well. In line with this, most oral health issues will end after giving birth.

Menopausal stage

Reaching the menopausal stage causes a lot of changes in a woman’s body. After menopause, she might experience the following:

  • hot and cold sensitivity
  • dry mouth
  • mouth burns
  • taste changes

Saliva production is important to keep the mouth clean; reduced production will cause bacteria to grow and eventually lead to gum disease and oral health problems, including gum pain. Fortunately, you can fight dryness by staying hydrated and using oral products such as dental spray. You may also chew on ice to keep your mouth moisturized.



Unusual but common causes of gum pain

Canker sores

Canker sores are the tiny sores that grow under the tongue, inner cheeks, and gum base. They feel soft and tender and typically appear in clusters. Furthermore, they might cause pain and swelling. The good news is that the soreness will go away on its own in few days.

Dental Appliances

It is most imperative to practice proper oral hygiene if you are wearing braces or prostheses. Your gum base might feel swollen right after their application due to the friction that scratches the gum tissue. Brush your teeth gently and floss diligently to improve your oral health.

Overall, the best way to prevent gum disease and gum pain is by practicing good oral hygiene. Professional teeth cleaning accompanied by the following will greatly help:

  1. Avoid excessive use of tobacco products
  2. Floss daily
  3. Choose a toothpaste with fluoride
  4. Seek treatment early on
  5. Prioritize healthy diet







5 Causes of Gum Pain and Finding Relief (https://www.buoyhealth.com/learn/gum-pain)

Painful Gums: Symptoms & Signs (https://www.medicinenet.com/painful_gums/symptoms.htm)


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